Interview with China Daily

Interview with China Daily (English version). Cecily Liu, journalist at this Chinese media, asked me about the involvement of French companies in Chinas’ Belt and Road Initiative. I highlighted the need for closer cooperation between France and China for the realization of the new Silk Roads.

This article is available here.

ISEMAR Briefing note no.195

ISEMAR is France-based Higher Institute of Maritime Economics.  Its offers expertise in topics related to maritime transport, ports and naval industry.

In the briefing note no.195, I present China’s current trade policies, especially the “Made China 2025” and the “Belt and Road Initiative”. I explained how these two policies will have a strong impact on world trade and maritime transportation.

Goulard, Sébasten (2017), “Les nouvelles stratégies commerciales de la Chine” (China’s new trade strategies), ISEMAR Briefing note no.195, December, accessed atèse-195-Les-nouvelles-stratégies-commerciales-de-la-Chine.pdf.


France’s presidential elections and China

thediplomat goulardIn December 2016, The Diplomat published an article of mine entitled “France’s Presidential Elections: The Need for a China Agenda”. In this paper, I argue that presidential candidates should pay more attention to China in foreign affairs. China is often considered as a threat, whereas more relations with China may create new opportunities for France.

Goulard, Sébastien (2016), “France’s Presidential Elections: The Need for a China Agenda”, The Diplomat, December 3, accessed at

Casinos in Asia: legalizing gambling in Hainan

The Journal of Gambling Business and Economics, edited by University of Buckingham Press, has just published one of my articles about gambling perspectives in Hainan and China.


The successful liberalization of the gaming industry in Macau has incited other Asian destinations to reconsider their position on gambling. For the last ten years, new gaming destinations have emerged in Asia. China has still not yet legalized this industry, but since last year, new policies authorizing sport lotteries have been introduced in the province of Hainan. The objective of this measure is to diversify tourism in that province and make Hainan more attractive for visitors. In case of success, this policy could be expanded to other gaming activities and casinos would be legalized in Hainan, as advocated by the provincial government; but legalizing casinos in Hainan may face several obstacles.

Macao_Casino_LisboaThis paper aims at showing that the success of Asian casino destinations mainly results from China’s ban on gambling. This study will focus on the history of gambling in China, and the reasons for the continuation of gambling prohibition in China. The author will argue that the ideological opposition plays a similar role as religious movements in Western countries. The paper will be illustrated by a literature review analyzing previous examples in other parts of the world.

Goulard, Sebastien (2016), “Casinos in Asia: Legalizing Gambling in the Chinese Province of Hainan, the Ideological Obstacle”, The Journal of Gambling Business and Economics, Vol.10, no.1, pp.1-13, accessed at